ceiling textures

Attic, sloping, classic, suspended, etc. ; the main types of ceilings

An essential part of any home or building, the ceiling can take on multiple aspects and particularities. Sloping, classic or false ceiling, it is often determined by the need for insulation, the available height or by a matter of taste …

The sloping or sloping ceiling

The sloping or mansard ceiling can take on various aspects depending on the number of slopes and the shape of the roof. When the ceiling follows a slope or slope of the roof, it is called a creeping ceiling. The mansard ceiling is placed over the insulation while allowing the beams to be seen. It can be done:

  • Plasterboard
  • Wooden paneling
  • Plaster panels and glass wool or expanded polystyrene
  • Rigid insulating panels (wood fibers).

The attic ceiling has several advantages

The main advantage of this type of ceiling is its aesthetics which allows you to enjoy the charm of a traditional framework with exposed beams and visually enlarge the space.

But we must however highlight some disadvantages

  • The increase in the volume to be heated in the case of a large room with high ceilings.
  • Reduction of sound insulation
  • When space under the roof is small, as can be the case in an attic bedroom, a creeping ceiling often gives the impression of a small and stuffy space. However, practical and decorative solutions make it possible to optimize the space.

Price of a sloping ceiling

The price for installing BA 13 plasterboard for a crawling ceiling is approximately 33 € / m². Insulation must be added to this, namely 30 € / m² for rock wool or cellulose wadding.

Classic ceilings

Unlike false ceilings which are very popular today, classic ceilings have been integrated into the home since the beginning of construction. There are three types of classic ceilings, the French ceiling, the staff ceiling and the coffered ceiling.

The French ceiling: widely used in the 17th century, it is the ceiling of old buildings. It is a ceiling with visible beams, imposing, solid or hollow wood (false beams) on which the joists rest. The whole gives a warm note to the interior. The price of a French ceiling depends on the material used. For a French wooden ceiling, it costs around € 15 / m2 for entry-level pine, € 80 / m2 for oak. For a French ceiling with false beams, the budget is around 30 € / m².

The staff ceiling: it rather dates from the 19th century is a ceiling made of plaster and invisible plant fibers. Originally, it made it possible to create rosettes, cornices, drapery effects or to decorate the ceiling through an infinite variety of patterns. The price of a staff ceiling is around 20 to 40 € / m² all inclusive (plates, plaster, rails, etc.). We add to this between 60 and 120 € / m² for labor. A 25 m² ceiling to be covered with staff will cost around € 2,000.

The coffered ceiling: known since Antiquity, it is present in castles and old houses. It combines, in terms of rendering; the two previous styles of classic ceilings because it can be wood or staff. It is composed of an apparent structure made of several rectangular, square or octagonal compartments. Its rather luxurious rendering offers various decoration possibilities including perspectives, reliefs or checkered effects and allows you to play with light. The coffered ceiling gives real value to the interior! Prices depend on a large number of factors and are generally provided on quotation.

False ceilings or self-supporting ceilings

Widely used in construction or renovation, the false ceiling is a structure added to the original ceiling which is entirely independent of the floor of the upper floor. It can cover the entire original ceiling or only part of it. Unlike classic plaster or wood ceilings, false ceilings can be made of various materials, more modern, such as PVC, canvas …

There are three types of false ceilings:

The stretch ceiling: it is a design solution composed of a canopy, that is to say of a thermoplastic fabric (generally in PVC), thermo-extensible that is stretched over the periphery of the walls on profiles in aluminum or PVC and by means of a specific fixing system. The canvas is superimposed on the original ceiling and can be hung at any height under the ceiling provided that at least 2.5 cm of plenum is left. (measurement between the original ceiling and the canvas to be stretched). The price of a stretch ceiling: Stretch ceilings are often made to measure, their price depends on the surface to be covered, the finish, the choice of fixing, the number of angles and spots in the room. We count around 75 € per linear meter for a width of 3.10 m.

The floating ceiling: this is a ceiling installed under the original ceiling to reduce the height of the room. Nowadays, it is the type of ceiling most used especially in offices and commercial premises. It adapts to the majority of load-bearing structures, in concrete, wood or steel. It consists of a structure made of rails fixed at the desired wall height, in which are interlocked legs (hangers) spaced approximately 60 cm, visible elements in light materials in the form of PVC slats or tiles, hollow bricks and special flat ceilings (ceilings).

The suspended ceiling: widely used in new construction or renovation, the suspended ceiling allows you to hide the roof. It consists of hangers fixed to the ties of the frame, rails and BA13 plasterboard. Its very simple installation technique is done by means of a very light metal structure on which the plasterboards will be fixed. Gaskets in the form of strips are then placed between each plate before application of the plaster or paint. Price of the suspended ceiling: There is an average of 55 / m² HT for the installation (material included) of a BA13 ceiling. Prices vary by region, materials, techniques used and finishes.

The false ceiling has many advantages:

  • It offers a remarkable aesthetic with an endless choice of colors, patterns, finishes and textures and fits beautifully into modern and contemporary homes.
  • It can give a facelift to worn or damaged ceilings, and for floating ceilings to change the decor as you wish (elements such as slabs, tiles, bricks, etc. can be changed very easily).
  • It decreases the height of the room, which makes it possible to reduce the volume to be heated.
  • It hides the insulation and the electric cables.
  • It guarantees excellent thermal and acoustic insulation because it is separated from the floor
  • It adapts to any type of load-bearing structure and can integrate lighting.


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